project init

npm init -y

or (if package.json already exists)

npm i


npx create-gitignore node


npx eslint --init


npm i express

basic server

Basic script to start the server on a local machine

touch app.js
// app.js
const express = require('express');

const app = express();
const PORT = 3000;

!!!!!!!! ОДИН ПУТЬ

app.listen(PORT, () => {
  console.log(`Server starting on PORT ${PORT}`);

nodemon, morgan

npm i -D nodemon morgan
// app.js
const morgan = require('morgan');

extra app.js

// app.js
const path = require('path');
app.use(express.static(path.join(process.cwd(), 'public')));
// for static files on the frontend
app.use(express.urlencoded({ extended: true }));
// to receive req.body in POST, { extended: true } - increase the amount of transmitted data
// read JSON - data from request body; if don’t connect it, then the JSON will not enter the body

PostgreSql, sequelize

npm i sequelize sequelize-cli pg pg-hstore
touch .sequelizerc
// .sequelizerc
const path = require('path');

module.exports = {
    'config': path.resolve('db', 'config', 'database.json'),
    'models-path': path.resolve('db', 'models'),
    'seeders-path': path.resolve('db', 'seeders'),
    'migrations-path': path.resolve('db', 'migrations'),
npx sequelize init
// database.json
npx sequelize db:create


npx sequelize-cli model:generate --name User --attributes email:string,username:string,password:string,description:text,birthday:date,vip:boolean,friends:integer


npx sequelize db:migrate

To undo migrations:

npx sequelize db:migrate:undo:all


npx sequelize seed:generate --name Seed
npx sequelize db:seed:all

Dont forget about new Date() in createdAt and updatedAt

Seed undo:

npx sequelize db:seed:undo:all

Seeding db using faker:

npm i @faker-js/faker
npx sequelize-cli seed:generate --name User
npx sequelize db:seed:all

Checking connection to the database using sequelize

// /db/dbConnectCheck.js
const { sequelize } = require('./models');

module.exports = async () => {
  try {
    await sequelize.authenticate();
    console.log('Database successfully connected!');
  } catch (error) {
    console.error('Database not connected:', error.message);
// app.js
const dbConnectionCheck = require('../db/dbConnectCheck');

cookies, sessions, bcrypt

npm i express-session session-file-store bcrypt
# .gitignore
// app.js
const session = require('express-session'); // req.session создает
const FileStore = require('session-file-store')(session); // "база данных" наших сессий создает папку и файлы сессий

const sessionConfig = {
  name: 'Cookie',
  store: new FileStore(),
  secret: process.env.SESSION_SECRET ?? 'secret word',
  resave: false, // if true, will resave the session even if it has not changed
  saveUninitialized: false, // if false, cookies will only appear when req.session is set
  cookie: {
    maxAge: 9999999, // lifetime in ms
    httpOnly: true,

// route.js
const bcrypt = require('bcrypt')

React, babel

npm i @babel/core @babel/preset-env @babel/preset-react @babel/register react react-dom
touch .babelrc
// .babelrc
  "presets": [


npm i dotenv
touch .env
# .env
DB=[dialect]://[user]:[password]@[host]:[port]/[db name]
// .sequelizerc
// app.js
const { PORT } = process.env || 3000;
// database.json
"development": {
    "use_env_variable": "DB",
    "dialect": "postgres"


// package.json
  "scripts": {
    "start": "node app.js",
    "dev": "nodemon app.js --ignore sessions -ext js,jsx",
    "db": "npx sequelize-cli db:drop && npx sequelize-cli db:create && npx sequelize-cli db:migrate && npx sequelize-cli db:seed:all",
    "initdb": "npx sequelize db:migrate:undo:all && npx sequelize db:migrate && npx sequelize db:seed:all"


npm run dev

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